IVF (In vitro Fertilization) is a fertility treatment method and is the original test-tube procedure in which the process of mixing of sperm and eggs takes place outside the body. The fertilized eggs are now considered an embryo and are then implanted back into the woman’s uterus.
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Infertile couples are capable to get pregnant through In Vitro Fertilization treatment by joining the egg and sperm together in an embryology laboratory where embryos are produced and these embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus. Nearly all of the patients have heard of IVF Treatment but many people are not aware of how the process works.
In general, the method of ovarian stimulation begins after the menstrual bleeding. The medications used by us are Gonal-F, Menopur to stimulate follicle development. These medicines are used to rouse the development of multiple mature follicles and eggs in order to enhance pregnancy rates with different infertility treatments.
During the egg retrieval procedure, the eggs are removed from the woman’s uterus in anesthesia. It is a simple procedure with less pain.
Fertilization and Embryo Culture
After egg repossession, the sperm sample is cleansed and concentrated. Now eggs will be mixed with your husband’s/donor’s sperm and the dishes are placed in an incubator for one day and observe the development of fertilization. If the sperm appears normal then we can expect about 70 to 80 % of eggs to fertilize. The fertilized egg/embryos are kept in the incubator for an additional 48 hours. In case, the sperm quality is less then ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is used as a part of your treatment arrangement.
It is usually occurs 2 to 4 days after the egg retrieval. This is normally a pain free course and no anesthesia is requisite. During the embryo transfer, a thin tube or catheter will be passed throughout your cervix.
In general, the pregnancy tests will be about 2 weeks after embryo transfer. It concludes whether the pregnancy has occurred after the embryo transfer or not. These tests are usually repetitive two days later if positive.
The success rate of In Vitro Fertilization treatment in India depends on the number of factors together with age of the women, quality of embryos, number of previous IVF cycles and number of embryo transferred.